Aluminium 2014 Sheets

Renowned for its remarkable properties such as lightweight construction, corrosion resistance, and ease of fabrication, Aluminium continues to be a material of choice across various industries. Among the plethora of aluminium alloys available, Aluminium 2014 stands out for its exceptional strength, machinability, and heat treatability.
In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the material specifications, types, and applications of Aluminium 2014 sheets.

Material Specification

Aluminium 2014 is an alloy known for its high strength and excellent machinability, making it a preferred choice for applications requiring structural integrity and precision machining. Composed primarily of aluminium, it typically contains trace amounts of copper, manganese, iron, silicon, and magnesium, imparting enhanced mechanical properties and corrosion resistance.

With a chemical composition optimized for strength and machinability, Aluminium 2014 exhibits superior performance in a variety of demanding environments. Its mechanical properties, including high tensile strength, good fatigue resistance, and satisfactory corrosion resistance, make it suitable for a wide range of industrial applications.

Chemical Composition


Composition Range


Aluminium (Al)

93.4 – 95.0%

Copper (Cu)

3.9 – 5.0%

Manganese (Mn)

0.4 – 1.2%

Iron (Fe)

0.7% max

Silicon (Si)

0.5% max

Magnesium (Mg)

0.2 – 0.8%

Zinc (Zn)

0.25% max

Titanium (Ti)

0.15% max

Other Elements

0.15% each, 0.05% total max


Mechanical Properties




Tensile Strength

380 – 450 MPa

Yield Strength

280 – 310 MPa


15 – 20%

Hardness (Brinell)

120 – 140 HB

Primary Types

Aluminium alloy 2014 is a popular choice for various applications due to its excellent machinability, good strength, and high fatigue resistance. The sheets are primarily available in standard forms, such as:

1. 2014-T6:

This is a heat-treated and artificially aged condition, offering high strength and good machinability. It’s commonly used in aerospace applications, structural components, and high-stress applications.

2. 2014-T651: 

This is similar to 2014-T6 but with additional stress relief to reduce residual stresses in the material. It offers improved dimensional stability and is often used in applications where tight tolerances are required.

3. 2014-O:

This is the annealed condition, which means it has undergone thermal treatment to remove internal stresses and increase ductility. It’s softer and more formable than the T6 and T651 conditions but has lower strength.

These are the primary conditions you’ll typically encounter when sourcing Aluminium 2014 sheets. The choice among these types depends on the specific requirements of your application, balancing factors such as strength, machinability, formability, and dimensional stability.

Key Dimensions

The key dimensions of Aluminium 2014 sheets can vary depending on the manufacturer and the specific requirements of the application. However, here are some typical dimensions you might encounter:
Thickness: The sheets are available in a wide range of thicknesses, ranging from very thin foils (usually less than 0.2 mm) to thicker plates (up to 150 mm or more). Common thicknesses for sheets used in various industries typically range from 0.5 mm to 25 mm.

Width: The width can also vary significantly, depending on the intended use and manufacturing capabilities. Standard widths for sheets are often between 600 mm and 2000 mm. However, custom widths can be produced to meet specific requirements.

Length: Similarly, the length of these sheets can vary depending on the application and manufacturing process. Standard lengths are typically between 1000 mm and 6000 mm. However, longer or shorter lengths may be available depending on the supplier.

Flatness: The flatness of the sheets is an important consideration, especially for applications where tight tolerances are required. Sheets should ideally have minimal deviation from flatness to ensure uniformity and ease of fabrication.

Surface Finish: The surface finish can vary from mill finish (as-rolled or as-extruded) to various mechanical or chemical finishes. The choice of surface finish depends on factors such as aesthetics, corrosion resistance, and functional requirements.

When sourcing Aluminium 2014 sheets, it’s essential to consider these key dimensions and select the appropriate size and thickness based on your specific application requirements.

Equivalent Grades

Several aluminium alloys share similar characteristics and applications. Aluminium 2024 is often considered the closest in properties, featuring good machinability and strength suitable for aerospace and structural components. Aluminium 6061 offers excellent machinability and weldability, though it differs somewhat in strength.

Aluminium 7075 boasts a high strength-to-weight ratio but may be more challenging to machine, while Aluminium 6082 provides good machinability and corrosion resistance, suitable for marine and architectural applications.

Industry Applications

Aluminium 2014 sheets find versatile applications across a spectrum of industries due to their exceptional machinability, good strength, and high fatigue resistance. From aerospace and automotive sectors to marine and sporting goods industries, Aluminum 2014 sheets are utilized in various applications. Let’s take a closer look:

1. Aerospace:

Aluminium 2014 sheets are utilized in aerospace applications for their combination of strength and lightweight properties. They are commonly used in structural components such as fuselage frames, wing spars, and bulkheads, where their high strength-to-weight ratio is essential for ensuring structural integrity while minimizing overall weight.

2. Automotive:

In the automotive industry, Aluminium 2014 sheets find application in high-performance vehicle components. These sheets are used in parts such as wheels, suspension components, and engine parts, where their strength and machinability contribute to improved performance and efficiency. Additionally, their lightweight nature helps reduce overall vehicle weight, contributing to fuel efficiency and handling.

3. Marine:

Aluminium 2014 sheets are also employed in marine applications due to their corrosion resistance and durability in marine environments. They are used in boat hulls, masts, and other marine structures where resistance to saltwater corrosion and strength is crucial for longevity and performance.

4. Sporting Goods:

The lightweight and durable properties of Aluminium 2014 sheets make them ideal for use in sporting goods, particularly in bicycle frames and components. These sheets contribute to the production of high-performance bicycles by providing strength and rigidity while keeping weight to a minimum.

5. Machinery & Equipment:

In the construction and manufacturing sectors, these sheets are utilized in machinery and equipment where machinability and strength are paramount. They are employed in the production of various components and structures, contributing to the efficiency and reliability of machinery and equipment used in a wide range of industries.

Get High-quality Aluminium 2014 Sheets with Pratham Traders

With 10,000+ projects completed, Pratham Traders is one of the leading stockists of aluminium products. Our mission is to provide our customers with high-quality products that are durable, versatile, and cost-effective.

Our range of products includes aluminium sheets, checkered plates, stucco sheets, perforated sheets, and rolled plates. We maintain a vast inventory in a variety of sizes, shapes, and alloys, ensuring that our customers have access to the products they want in accordance with their business assignments.

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