Understanding Aluminium 5052 Sheets: A Comprehensive Guide

Understanding Aluminium 5052 Sheets: A Comprehensive Guide

Among its various forms, Aluminium 5052 sheets are particularly popular due to their versatility and ease of use in manufacturing processes. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the material specifications, physical and mechanical properties, chemical structure, primary types, key dimensions, equivalent grades, sheet weight, and sheet sizes of Aluminium 5052 sheets.

Material Specification

Aluminium 5052 is an alloy primarily composed of aluminium, with additions of magnesium and chromium. The material specification for Aluminium 5052 sheets typically adheres to international standards such as ASTM B209 or EN 573. These standards specify the chemical composition, mechanical properties, dimensions, and tolerances for Aluminium 5052 sheets.

Chemical Structure

The exact chemical composition may vary slightly depending on the manufacturing process and specific requirements, but typical composition ranges are as follows:


Composition Range


Aluminium (Al)

95.7% – 97.7%

Magnesium (Mg)

2.2% – 2.8%

Chromium (Cr)

0.15% – 0.35%

Other Elements (each)

≤ 0.05%

Other Elements (total)

≤ 0.15%

Physical Properties





Approximately 2.68 g/cm³

Melting Point

Around 607°C (1125°F)

Thermal Conductivity

Exhibits good thermal conductivity

Electrical Conductivity

Moderate, suitable for electrical applications


Mechanical Properties




Tensile Strength

210 to 305 MPa (30,500 to 44,200 psi)

Yield Strength

70 to 280 MPa (10,000 to 40,600 psi)


Typically around 12% to 20%


Ranges from 40 to 60 on the Rockwell B scale

Primary Types

Aluminium 5052 sheets are available in several primary types, distinguished by their tempering processes. These temper designations significantly impact the mechanical properties and formability of the sheets. The primary types include:

1. H32:

Aluminium 5052 sheets in the H32 temper are strain-hardened and stabilized, featuring a quarter-hard temper. This temper provides moderate strength and excellent formability, making it suitable for a wide range of applications, including automotive panels, marine components, and architectural structures.

2. H34:

Sheets in the H34 temper undergo further strain-hardening compared to H32, resulting in a half-hard temper. This temper offers increased strength and improved resistance to deformation, making it ideal for applications requiring enhanced structural integrity and durability, such as aircraft fuselage panels and pressure vessels.

3. H36:

Aluminium 5052 sheets in the H36 temper are subjected to additional strain-hardening, achieving a three-quarters hard temper. This temper provides greater strength and stiffness while maintaining good formability, making it suitable for applications requiring high tensile strength, such as truck trailer bodies and chemical processing equipment.

4. H38:

Sheets in the H38 temper undergo maximum strain-hardening, resulting in a full-hard temper. This temper offers the highest level of strength and hardness among the primary types, making it suitable for demanding applications where superior mechanical properties are essential, such as aerospace components and structural parts subjected to heavy loads.

Key Dimensions

Aluminium 5052 sheets are manufactured in various thicknesses, widths, and lengths to suit different applications. Common dimensions include:

Thickness: Typically ranges from 0.2 mm to 6.35 mm (0.008 in to 0.250 in).

Width: Commonly available in widths ranging from 600 mm to 2000 mm (24 in to 79 in).

Length: Standard lengths vary but are often supplied in coil or sheet form, with customizable lengths available upon request.

Equivalent Grades

Aluminium 5052 is comparable to several other aluminium alloys, to name a few:

AA 5052: The Aluminium Association (AA) designation for Aluminium 5052

EN AW-5052: European designation for Aluminium 5052

A95052: Unified Numbering System (UNS) designation for Aluminium 5052

Sheet Weight & Sizes

The weight of Aluminium 5052 sheets depends on their dimensions and thickness. As a general guideline, the weight can be calculated using the formula: Weight = Length × Width × Thickness × Density. Aluminium 5052 sheets are available in various standard sizes, typically ranging from small sheets suitable for DIY projects to large industrial-sized sheets. Common sheet sizes include:

Standard: 4 ft × 8 ft (1.22 m × 2.44 m)

Large: 5 ft × 10 ft (1.52 m × 3.05 m)

Industry Applications

Owing to their excellent properties and versatility, Aluminium 5052 sheets serve as indispensable materials across a multitude of industries, contributing to the development of innovative products and solutions while meeting diverse application requirements. Here are some key industry applications:

1. Marine Industry:

Aluminium 5052 sheets are commonly used in the marine sector for constructing boat hulls, decks, and other structural components. Their corrosion resistance, especially in marine environments, makes them ideal for enduring saltwater exposure and harsh weather conditions.

2. Automotive Industry:

In the automotive sector, Aluminium 5052 sheets find applications in manufacturing body panels, fuel tanks, and other components. Their lightweight nature, coupled with good formability and corrosion resistance, contributes to enhancing fuel efficiency and reducing vehicle weight.

3. Architecture & Construction:

Aluminium 5052 sheets are employed in architectural applications such as roofing, siding, and facade systems. Their corrosion resistance, durability, and aesthetic appeal make them suitable for creating modern and sustainable building structures.

4. Electronics & Electrical Industry:

Aluminium 5052 sheets are utilized in the electronics and electrical sectors for manufacturing enclosures, casings, and components. Their excellent conductivity, along with corrosion resistance, makes them suitable for protecting sensitive electronic equipment and ensuring reliable performance.

5. Packaging Industry:

Aluminium 5052 sheets are used in the packaging industry for producing food and beverage cans, containers, and packaging foils. Their formability, barrier properties, and recyclability make them a preferred choice for packaging solutions, ensuring product freshness and safety.

6. Aerospace Industry:

While not as prevalent as Aluminium 2024 in aerospace applications, Aluminium 5052 sheets still find use in certain non-critical aerospace components due to their lightweight nature, formability, and corrosion resistance.

7. General Manufacturing:

Aluminium 5052 sheets are also employed in various general manufacturing applications such as signage, machinery parts, and household appliances. Their versatility, ease of fabrication, and cost-effectiveness make them suitable for a wide range of manufacturing processes.

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